We are currently in the midst of a global myopia epidemic. The incidence of myopia, or short sightedness, in school-aged children and young adults has reached extremely high proportions in some regions, particularly in East Asia where over 90% of the population is myopic.
About 40% of Australian school-aged children are thought to be myopic. Once a child has become short-sighted, they tend to become more and more short-sighted every year. This means that over the course of a child’s lifetime, they are more at risk of developing eye diseases such as retinal detachment and glaucoma.
These conditions have the potential to cause a severe reduction in vision and quality of life, and will cause increased strain on the health system.
Are there ways to slow or halt the progression of myopia that normally occurs childhood and teenage years?